The SUPCAM concept is based on the development of an endoscopic capsule whose structure and innovative design allow to safely and accurately guide it along the colonic lumen from the outside, through an electromagnet, completely wireless.
The completely new mechanical configuration of the capsule will allow the medical examination through an external control system with a simple structure, inexpensive, with reduced bulk and usable in normal outpatient settings, able to ensure an accurate vision of the colonic mucosa.
The endoscopic device will have the appearance of a small spherical capsule with a compact external control system, easily manageable by the medical operator in order to support him in the diagnosis of colon rectal diseases. The external device will be compact and adapted to be transported and made suitable the room of the majority of common outpatient settings, similarly to an ultrasound scanner.
SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL OBJECTIVES
The SUPCAM project objectives can be summarized as follow:
- Optimal capsule configuration (Ø≈2cm) including the internal micro-mechanics in order that the spherical SUPCAM capsule (outer and inner capsule) can be mutually movable and freely oriented at 360°. The two bodies constitute a rolling or friction bearing system.
- Biocompatibility and dataflow transparency to the light.
- Study and testing of the imagine components internal to the capsule.
- Best solution for the power supply and reusability of each capsule.
- Miniaturized electronic components for the control and management of the SUPCAM device, providing the correct power supply and the setting of the acquiring/transmitting data.
- Electronics responsible for the magnet control and able to monitor the device localization and to signal the capsule position inside the colon lumen.
- Wireless real-time telemetric system responsible for the image transmission.
Imaging system and data treatment
- Image-guided navigation system for endoscopic capsule with visual serving applied on the visual information obtained from the capsule’s on-board camera, aiming at Post-operative Monocular 3D Reconstruction.
- Suitable compression and decompression algorithm for the images in order to reach a size necessary to be transmitted to the external analyzer.
- Implementation of a software for the image analysis and treatment.
- Design, development and integration of the final device comprising the external parts, having a maximum volume of about 4000 mm3 for the endoscopic capsule, and reduced dimensions for the external equipment for the magnet control system and data acquisition system.